Thursday, July 2, 2020
College Life 101 Tips in Coping with the Big Changes and Problems Encountered As You Enter College College can be intimidating for High School Seniors especially after they have applied to the Colleges or Universities of their choice. My First Semester in College was sort of stressful and difficult because of the many adjustments I have to make. This is also the time filled with anticipation and wonderful discoveries. All at once, I have to experience all new things which have caused a great impact on me. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t say this to discourage you but rather to inform you so that somehow, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll have an idea on what lies ahead of you about college, so that you, as well as your parents, will have time to prepare for it. Because soon enough, it will be your turn to face all of the Big Changes IÃ¢â¬â¢m referring to. Here they are: 1. Increase in Independence and Responsibility. In College, your freedom to make your own choices and decisions will increase more than when you were in High School. Be careful with this one because along with a increase in independence comes great responsibility. You should be responsible for yourself and for every action that you make and its consequences. 2. New Environment. College is really a whole new world which at first would really make you feel unfamiliar, uncomfortable and even unsecured. Campuses may be a lot bigger than in high school. 3. Meet A Lot Of PeopleÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â¬ New Friendships to be made. In College, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll see many unfamiliar people which would make you feel shy, nervous and sometimes scared. Try to make the first move to introduce yourself. Being in College is worth it especially when you have someone to turn to and share your experiences and memories with. 4. Increase in Workload. School works in college are expected to be heavier than in high school. These stuffs will really make you busy, but theyÃ¢â¬â¢ll also help to broaden your understanding and knowledge of the lessons and it se rves as an application of what you have learned. 5. Changing Relationships between Families from Home. As students feel more freedom and responsibility in college, relationship with parents and other significant people tend to change. Some may become closer to their families while others may become distant which may lead to a gap between them. 6. Learning Environment. In college, you are no longer a passive learner who just sits and listens the way you do in high school. Instead, you are expected to participate verbally, to voice out your thoughts, ideas, opinions, questions and the like. You are also expected to figure things out on your own. 7. A lot of School Events. This may include concerts, tours, contests, conventions, meetings, seminars, intramurals, and the like. This will not only help us students in our learning process , but it can as well be a form of relaxation. Tips in Coping with these Big Changes: 1. Time Management. In college, every seconds count! So learn to mak e the most of it by wisely managing your time. This will help you to balance and sort things out. It will also make you to have an extra time for yourself and for your family, and it also helps to reduce stress. 2. Learn to Budget Your Money. If you havenÃ¢â¬â¢t done this before, now is the time to do so. Find ways to stretch your money as best as you can. Stick to your budget. This will help you to save for your future expenses. 3. Get involved. Going to orientations and joining a campus organization will help you to familiarize yourself easily in college, so take advantage of these things. It will also help you to meet new friends, to realize your potentials and feel connected to your school. 4. Develop Good Study Habits. This will help you to complete much work and concentrate on what you are studying while avoiding as many distractions as possible. 5. Build Strong and Honest Relationships With Your Family. College strains Family Relationship. But having a strong and honest ki nd of relationship will it fall apart. Now is the time for you to get closer to your family, not when you have entered college. So, start now while you still have time! 6. Be Updated. College has a lot of resources. You should take advantage of those resources and you should also be aware of what was happening around you. 7. Be Yourself Always and Think Positive No Matter What. You may be hurt by all of the big changes youÃ¢â¬â¢re going to experience all at once, like the way that I do. You need not to pretend and imitate others for whatever reasons. All of us are unique and itÃ¢â¬â¢s up to us on how we would male use of it. After all, College is more on discovering yourself and your future. Learn to enjoy it and make the most of it!
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;In Tim OÃ¢â¬â¢BrienÃ¢â¬â¢s novel, The Things They Carried, numerous themes are illustrated by the author. Through the portrayal of a number of characters, Tim OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien suggests that to adapt to Vietnam is not always more difficult than to revert back to the lives they once knew. Correspondingly the theme of change is omnipresent throughout the novel, specifically in the depiction of numerous characters. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Tim OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien is drafted one month after graduating from Macalester College to fight a war he hated. Tim OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien believed he was above the war, and as a result pursued the alternative of escaping across the border to Canada. This understandable act is what Tim OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien considers anÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Rat KileyÃ¢â¬â¢s metamorphosis occurs when the platoon switches to a routine of night movement for 2 weeks. Rat is unable to adjust to this night life, and begins to act eccentric towards the surrounding environment. Rat KileyÃ¢â¬â¢s hallucinations eventually leads to his demise when he shoots himself in the foot to escape the war. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;He shot himselfÃ¢â¬ ¦ Nobody blamed him. Before the chopper came, there nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;was time for goodbyes. Lieutenant Cross went over and said heÃ¢â¬â¢d vouch nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;that it was an accidentÃ¢â¬ ¦ Everyone stood in a little circle, feeling bad nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;about it, trying to cheer him up with bullshit about the great night life in nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Japan. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;(OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien 251) Rat KileyÃ¢â¬â¢s company understood what happened, and no one could impugn his reason for doing so. All the troops had their own demons to take care of, Rat Kiley just dealt with his in a different way. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Mary Anne, The sweetheart of the Song Tra Bong, experiences perhaps the most radical form of change in the novel. Marry Anne, the innocent, curious, typical-AmericanShow MoreRelatedTheme Of Irony In The Things They Carried1329 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages In the novel The Things They Carried by Tim OBrien, metafiction is used to further the story. OBrien used the metafictional devices of irony, and nonlinear sequencing of events in order to push his story and properly represent the experience of war. Each metafictional device is used in order to advance the meaning of the story and let the reader truly understand the emotions and experience of being at war. Whether or not the story is perfectly true is not important, for OBrien is telling theRead MoreThemes Of The Great Gatsby And The Things They Carried 2767 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesChristopher Schmidt Skillman Am Lit 5 May 2015 The Theme of Transformation in Various Texts In the texts Huck Finn, The Great Gatsby, and The Things They Carried, a major theme is the transformation of self, which happens through choice, through experience, or a combination of both. In The Great Gatsby, Jay makes the conscious choice to transform himself from the poor farmer boy, which he was born as, into an Oxford-educated rich millionaire, all so that he could win the heart of a girl. In HuckRead MoreTheme Of The Red Convertible In The Things They Carried744 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesBoth ErdrichÃ¢â¬â¢s, Ã¢â¬Å"The Red ConvertibleÃ¢â¬ , and OBriens, Ã¢â¬Å"The Things They CarriedÃ¢â¬ reflect the effects of psychological trauma left by war; specifically, the Vietnam War. In ErdrichÃ¢â¬â¢s piece, she uses the red convertible as a metaphor for Henry. The fact that the two brothers purchased the convertible together is a serves to symbolize their bond. Yet, when Henry returns from his tenure as a soldier, his mental health has deteriorated into an apparently depressive state. I believe that LymanÃ¢â¬â¢s act ofRead MoreThe Themes Of The Vietnam War In Going After Cacciato And The Things They Carried1845 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesTim OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien is notorious for his unglorified depiction of the Vietnam War in his novels Going After Cacciato and The Things They Carried. OÃ¢â¬â¢BrienÃ¢â¬â¢s controversial method of realistically portraying the struggles of war resides in the form of two themes common throughout both novels, helping the Vietnam veteran caution against the dangers of war, while highlighting AmericansÃ¢â¬â¢ aversion toward the Vietnam War. OÃ¢â¬â¢BrienÃ¢â¬â¢s first-hand experience as an officer stationed in the Batangan Peninsula, the locationRead MoreAn Analysis Of Tim O Brien s Things They Carried1183 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesqualities such as literary devices, imagery, and theme, and many more. Tim OÃ¢â¬â¢BrienÃ¢â¬â¢s Things They Carried depicts a fragmented stories about his and other soldiersÃ¢â¬â¢ experiences that occurred in the Vietnam War. Similarly, the poem, Ã¢â¬Å"Facing ItÃ¢â¬ shows a soldier who returns to the Memorial of the Vietnam War where he recalls his own trauma in the war as he looks at the stones. Both the prose, Things They Carried and the poem, Ã¢â¬Å"Facing itÃ¢â¬ conveys the similar theme where they are struggling to overcome theRead MorePsychological Effects Of War Has On Soldiers821 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages War has been known to cause negative mental effects among soldiers. Whether it be PTSD, depression, or a change in personality, war takes its toll. Because of its application to the real world, this common theme is often expressed in literature. In Tim OÃ¢â¬â¢BrienÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"The Things They Carried,Ã¢â¬ he explains the physical and mental burdens that soldiers carry. He also describes how these burdens create psychological stress and eliminate soldiersÃ¢â¬â¢ ability to feel normal emotion. Ernest HemingwayÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"SoldierÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreThe Things They Carried By Tim O Brien831 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesbook The Things They Carried does a great job explaining the effects of war on soldiers through many stories OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien experienced during the Vietnam War. From trying to escape the war, to his buddy Kiowa dying in muck, OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien expertly portrays the emotional and physical pain one can go through during war. Although this book depicts many different them es, one distinct theme is the emotional burdens soldiers carry during war, excellently illustrated in the first chapter, Ã¢â¬Å"The Things They Carried.Ã¢â¬ RightRead MoreAn Occurrence At Owl Creek Bridge By Ambrose Bierce1620 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageseasily be read in one sitting. Each short story tends to have a certain meaning or theme behind it, followed by structural elements. These themes and structural elements are significant in impacting oneÃ¢â¬â¢s reading experience. Each short story is created with the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s willingness to make you reflect, or think back on your own experiences. Ã¢â¬Å"An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge, A Rose for Emily, and The Things They Carried,Ã¢â¬ are all short stories which involve these specific characteristics. Ã¢â¬Å"An OccurrenceRead MoreLogistics in Disneyland906 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshave chosen to take a look at the organization in the theme park Disneyland Paris. The question I asked myself is Ã¢â¬Å"What do you need to get a successful theme park like Disney World?Ã¢â¬ the main answer to that question is in my opinion with the following things: - Attractions - Restaurants - Souvenirs shop(s) - Restrooms - Signs Off course there are some other factors, like management etc., that you need in order to lead a successful theme park. But some of those are not really relevant to logisticsRead MoreAnalysis Of Tim O Brien s The Things They Carried 1187 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThere were many things the soldiers carried with them during the Vietnam War. They carried guns and ammo, rations and canteens, and things necessary for survival. The soldiers also carried letters, photographs and land of Vietnam itself. Tim OÃ¢â¬â¢Brien tells of this in The Things They Carried, a book detailing the lives of the soldiers in Vietnam through the things the men carried with them. Not everything the men carried was physical, however. The soldiers carried ghosts, memories, and burdens. Everyone
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
TB is a disease that infect mostly humanÃ¢â¬â¢s lung. It can spread through air way. This can be done through coughing or sneezing from TB patients. The bacteria travel in the air and infect healthy people. This disease is commonly occurring in low income countries, deprived areas and big cities in a developed country. There are some factors that contribute to TB which are immigration, social inequalities, HIV infection and misuse of drugs or alcohol (Millet et al., 2012). The TB incidence is increasing when the HIV infection among the population is increasing. In Western Europe, the TB cases occur because of immigration. So, there are different epidemiological pattern in different countries due to different factors that contribute to it (Glaziou et al., 2013). In 2012, there roughly 13% of TB patients were HIV-positive. In Africa, estimation that there is 75% of TB cases with HIV-positive (WHO, 2013). HIV will affect the immune response, which is the cell-mediated immunity that ca rry out by helper-T cell. HIV-positive patients have lower amount of helper-T cell as compared to HIV-negative patients with TB. This cell is extreme important in defending against TB. HIV infection will accelerate TB infection and the risk of death in HIV-TB co-infected patients is higher (Sharma et al., 2005). Since 1990 the mortality rate of TB is decreased by 45% and the incidence rate is also decreased in major regions of the world. This is aid by the program Stop TB Strategy that organised byShow MoreRelatedTuberculosis, The, And Tuberculosis1737 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesTuberculosis the disease. In this educational report, I will be identifying, the history of Tuberculosis, the symptoms of Tuberculosis, how Tuberculosis is transmitted, how to prevent Tuberculosis, what organs Tuberculosis can affect and the treatments for Tuberculosis. History Tuberculosis or better known as TB is a disease that has been at one point the leading cause of death in the U.S. Tuberculosis has a couple distinct names. The first is Phthisis, which first appeared in Greek literatureRead MoreTuberculosis: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments Essays1485 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroduction Tuberculosis is among the fatal diseases that are spread through the air. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s contagious, meaning that it spreads from one infected individual to another, and at times it spreads very fast. In addition to being contagious, the disease is an opportunist infection as it takes advantage of those with weak defense mechanism, and especially the ones with terminal diseases like HIV and AIDS. Tuberculosis is therefore among the major concerns for the World Health Organization due to itsRead MoreTuberculosis Is A Disease Caused By Mycobacterium Tuberculosis881 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesinformed me that Tuberculosis is a disease that she sees profusely at St. Joseph hospital. During the interview I gained great insight on why she chose this particular disease, the etiology, the frequency, prevalence, pathophysiology, signs/symptoms, treatments, and the prognosis of Tuberculosis. Etiology During the interview with healthcare provider Mrs. Tonya Simpson, she when in great detail explaining that Tuberculosis is a bacterial disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This is a diseaseRead MoreTuberculosis : Symptoms And Symptoms, Diagnosis / Prognosis, And Diagnosis1248 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesattack in the air. The attack in the air is called Tuberculosis. Tuberculosis, known as TB, is caused by a bacteria called mycobacterium tuberculosis, according to the Center for Disease Control. TB is an infectious disease that is spread through the air from one person to another person, close contact with a person with active TB would cause a risk for infection. The risk comes from microscopic droplets that released in the air by an infected tuberculosis patient that coughs, sneezes, spits, or laughsRead MoreTuberculosis Is An Infectious Disease1217 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages86 percent of tuberculosis cases in the world. This research paper will discuss, tuberculosis in New Zealand. It will discuss the biology of the bacterium, risks factors and the importance of immunisation and prevention. Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Marieb, 2012). Tuberculosis is a contagious infection that begins in the lungs and spread to other organs in the body including the kidneys, brain and bones. Tuberculosis is spread by inhalingRead MoreTuberculosis As A Bacterial Infection766 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWhat is Tuberculosis (TB)? Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial infection caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. When active, the bacteria usually attack the lung tissue. It can also spread to other organs in other areas of the body, such as the brain, the spine, and the kidneys. If not treated, TB can cause severe respiratory distress and may lead to death. How can I get Tuberculosis? TB is transferred from person to person trough air. When a person with active TB sneezes, singsRead MoreTb, Or Tuberculosis, And Tuberculosis1450 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTB, or Tuberculosis, is a chronic or acute contagious disease caused by a bacterial infection. TB is the leading cause of death from a single infectious disease, accounting for over a quarter of avoidable deaths among adults. It can affect several organs of the human body, including the brain, the kidneys and the bones, but it predominately manifests itself in the lungs where it is called Pulmonary Tuberculosis. According to the WHO, TB infection is currently spreading at the rate of one personRead MoreTuberculosis ( Tb ) Is A Chronic Bacterial Infection That Affects Millions Of People Globally1377 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTUBERCULOSIS Jillian Gasper Kaplan University Abstract Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic bacterial infection that affects millions of people globally. It is a contagious disease that is spread through the air, and it usually affects the lungs. It is transmitted from person to person through droplets from the respiratory tract of those who are already infected with the disease. Some who are infected with the bacteria that causes TB often exhibit no symptoms, because their immune systemsRead MoreTuberculosis : An Infectious Bacterial Disease1541 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesTuberculosis is a very known disease worldwide. Tuberculosis is an infectious bacterial disease illustrated by the expansion of the tubercles that are in the tissue, mainly in the lungs. This disease is caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis, which is a rod shaped bacterium. Tuberculosis has claimed its victims throughout much of known human history. It reached epidemic proportions in Europe and North America during the 18th and 19th centuries, earning the sobriquet, Captain Amon g these Men of DeathRead MoreTuberculosis : Common Health Problem1204 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesTuberculosis is common health problem that affects many people all around the world. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) define Tuberculosis as Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This particular bacterium attacks the lungs, but TB bacteria can attack any area of the body. This disease was once the leading cause of death in the United States. TB is often spread through the air from person to person. CDC says Ã¢â¬Å"TB bacteria are put into the air when a person with TB disease of the lungs or throat
Americans had always sought to expand the size of their nation, and throughout the 19th century they extended their control toward the Pacific Ocean. However, by the 1880Ã¢â¬â¢s, many American leaders had become convinced that the United States should join the imperialist powers of Europe and establish colonies overseas. Imperialism, the policy in which stronger nations extend their economic, political, and cultural control over weaker territories, was already a trend around the world. Most Americans gradually warmed to the idea of expansion overseas. With a belief in manifest destiny, they already had pushed the U.S. border to the Pacific Ocean. Seeing that other nations were establishing a global military presence, American leaders advised that the United States build up its own military strength. One such leader was Admiral Alfred T. Mahan of the U.S. Navy. Mahan urged government official to build up American naval power in order to compete with other powerful nations. We will write a custom essay sample on Why Did the U.S. become an Imperial Power? or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page As a result of the urging of Mahan and others, the United States built nine steel-hulled cruisers between 1883 and 1890. The construction of modern battleships such as the Maine and the Oregon transformed the country into the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s third largest naval power. In the late 19th century, advances in technology enabled American farms and factories to produce far more than American citizens could consume. Now the United States needed raw materials for its factories and new markets for its agricultural and manufactured goods. Imperialists viewed foreign trades the solution to American overproduction and the related problems of unemployment and economic depression. Cultural factors also were used to justify imperialism. Some Americans combined the philosophy of Social Darwinism, a belief that free-market competition would lead to the survival of the fittest, with a belief in the racial superiority of Anglo-Saxons. They argued that the United States had a responsibility to spread Christianity and Ã¢â¬Å"civilizationÃ¢â¬ to the worlds Ã¢â¬Å"inferior peoples.Ã¢â¬ This viewpoint narrowly defined Ã¢â¬Å"civilizationÃ¢â¬ according to the standards of only one culture. The United States pursued and achieved several foreign policy goals in the early 20th century. Americans believed in the superiority of free-enterprise democracy, and the American government attempted to extend the reach of this economic and political system, even through armed intervention. First, it expanded its access to foreign markets in order to ensure the continued growth of the domestic economy. Second, the United States built a modern navy to protect its interests abroad. Third, the United States exercised its international police power to ensure dominance in Latin America.
Tuesday, April 21, 2020
Theodore Dreiser, Sister Carrie Essay Theodore DreiserÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Sister CarrieÃ¢â¬ has been distinguished by various critics among authorÃ¢â¬â¢s other novels due to complexity of themes revealed through the story of a woman. According to Dreiser, and he developed this point clearly throughout his many novels, Ã¢â¬Å"The Financier,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"American Tragedy,Ã¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Sister Carrie,Ã¢â¬ society is too concerned with the societal demands for material success. However, the last story clearly deviates from authorÃ¢â¬â¢s traditional inclinations, and reveals much more beyond the politics of money. From this perspective, Ã¢â¬Å"Sister CarrieÃ¢â¬ discusses money as only second to sex drive of human existence. However, DreiserÃ¢â¬â¢s intention was to use these two drives as particular setting to depict human relationships, confusion of human life, utopia of happiness and controversial character of moral judgments. From the critical point of view, the whole scope of illustrated problems in Ã¢â¬Å "Sister CarrieÃ¢â¬ places the novel above DreiserÃ¢â¬â¢s more traditional stories.Historical Value of the NovelDreiserÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Sister CarrieÃ¢â¬ was one of the first pieces of American literature to depict countryÃ¢â¬â¢s realistic picture. CarrieÃ¢â¬â¢s life in Chicago and New York is determined by the operation of simple biological and mechanical laws. Form the critical standpoint, the fact that Dreiser has been greatly influenced by C. Darwin and as a German by Karl Marx, makes it understandable that the author sees the struggle and fate of Carrie and Hurstwood as the predetermined result of their psychological make-up, their economic and social background, and simple chance. Marx was the great intellectual force behind labor unrest throughout the Western world in the late nineteenth century. In his treatise Ã¢â¬Å"Das KapitalÃ¢â¬ , he criticized the capitalistic system because under it fewer and fewer owners of property and resources gain more and more as me thods of production become more efficient, while at the same time greater numbers of oppressed common laborers compete against each other for jobs and necessarily must be content with less than their fair share of wages. Labor unions made great progress in America during DreiserÃ¢â¬â¢s boyhood and youth. But they had a long way to go before such a dispute as the one which led to the Brooklyn trolley strike of 1895 involving Hurstwood would ever be settled in favor of labor. It is obvious from even reading of Ã¢â¬Å"Sister CarrieÃ¢â¬ that DreiserÃ¢â¬â¢s sympathies are thoroughly with the workers. Less obvious is the fact that in chapter, called The Strike, Dreiser depicts the struggle as not only a Marxian class struggle but also a Darwinian battle in which only the fit will survive. In fact, the entire novel shows Carrie surviving because she is adaptable and Hurstwood failing once he leaves his familiar environment, because he is unfit to learn anything new.Events in CarrieÃ ¢â¬â¢s career are simply the result of Ã¢â¬Å"matter in motion.Ã¢â¬ A human being in the world she knows, no matter how strong he might be, is only a wisp in the wind, a chip on the flood. The main characters hardly understand what drives them, and it often seems as though Dreiser is documenting Freuds theories concerning the role of the unconscious in human behavior. Life in the big city is a battle conducted not according to the law of red in tooth and claw. You strike first and eat, or you are struck down and eaten. In Ã¢â¬Å"Sister CarrieÃ¢â¬ two men compete for a single girl, and the stronger one wins; but then the girl proves stronger than that winner, and so she survives. In the background Dreiser suggests that a class struggle is also going on. Not far away from the Chicago resorts are shoe factories where girls sweat for fifteen cents an hour, catch cold in the draft, and lose their jobs; and not very far from the lights of Broadway are the dark holes of the bowery. Dreiser portrays both the haves and the Ã¢â¬Å"have-nots,Ã¢â¬ but surely his best efforts are reserved for the Ash Can scenes of the oppressed and the downtrodden. Ã Practically, in Ã¢â¬Å"Sister Carrie,Ã¢â¬ Dreiser did more than any other works to win the battle for complete frankness in American literature.It is necessary to emphasize that Dreiser saw America as being at middle-age. As some critics have pointed out, he was not an orderly philosopher with a defined system. His announced conversion to Marxism in his last years was a token gesture and not, as he claimed, the logical culmination of his life, or at least not of his life as revealed in his literary works. All that Dreiser does in Ã¢â¬Å"Sister CarrieÃ¢â¬ is caution us to look around, to see what has happened to the individual in America, and specifically, to understand what was happening to the American family. This is the precise point, in which historical portrayal of Ã¢â¬Å"Sister CarrieÃ¢â¬ is embedde d Ã¢â¬â not in dates, or specific facts but in general historical picture and atmosphere of that period. From this perspective, historians can use this novel along with other DreiserÃ¢â¬â¢s masterpieces, to observe the complete historical picture with the emphasis not on particular dates, but cultural characteristics of the period and life of big cities of New York and Chicago.Historical Setting of Ã¢â¬Å"Sister CarrieÃ¢â¬ The history of Carrie begins in 1889, precisely in the moment of American new industrial development. From the historical standpoint, from 1830s to 1880s America has been lagging behind world capitalistic states, and early 1890s evidenced great increase in manufacturing, new business opportunities and challenges. Symbols emerged in DreiserÃ¢â¬â¢s novel, Chicago and New York, stand for urbanization of the country and American life. However, American employers experienced unusual difficulties in the special fields dominated by large enterprises, in the broa d general areas of business they adopted both European methods and inventions rapidly and successfully, and in the process, made their full share of the Western worldÃ¢â¬â¢s innovations in the use of machines and commercial practices (Rosenberg, 431). For instance, as Dreiser describes a shoe factory: Ã¢â¬Å"there was a large, low-ceiled room, with clacking, rattling machines at which men in white shirt sleeves and blue gingham aprons were workingÃ¢â¬ (39). As novel progresses, the author gives more specific and problematic description, stating that Ã¢â¬Å"factory chamber was full of poor homely-clad girls working in long lines at clattering machinesÃ¢â¬ (505).Ã Ã By 1890 a score of industries had built up production complexes so large that in order to promote efficient management they were subdivided into separate plants, creating avoidable unemployment and other shortages. Consequently, industrialism had matured, however, the problems of early American capitalism have been illustrated through many DreiserÃ¢â¬â¢s novels, including Ã¢â¬Å"Sister Carrie.Ã¢â¬ From both economic and historical perspective, DreiserÃ¢â¬â¢s illustrates how the rapid expansion in American settlements and population became deterrents to growth in income for laborers, and simultaneously became a benefit to many marginal businessmen, or capitalists in DreiserÃ¢â¬â¢s viewpoint. Ã From this perspective, CarrierÃ¢â¬â¢s everlasting search for money aims to provide particular parallel for American regular citizens deprived from sufficient wages in dynamic economic conditions.Literary Value of the NovelThroughout the novel, Dreiser eloquently and often awkwardly pleads with his readers to agree that men and women are victims of nature and are trapped by circumstance. Carrie did not ask for her naivety, nor did she ask to have an attractive face and figure to present to Drouet on the train to Chicago. She did not ask to catch cold and thus lose her first job there. Hu rstwood could not have predicted that his wife would turn out to be materialistic and vindictive, and would place her home and the creature comforts of her children ahead of him. Hurstwood did not know that when he was flooded by overmastering desire for young Carrie he was already on the way to being swept to ruin. Carrie chanced to obtain a part on stage, chanced to sense her latent ability to act, and thus gain prominence. Hurstwood happened to be drinking before happening to find the safe door open with thousands of dollars inside -simply waiting to be carried away. And the safe door happened to swing shut after he had taken the money out to fondle it momentarily. The main characters act as they do because of the forces of heredity and environment. At the end of the novel, Dreiser effectively dramatizes the pervasiveness of ironic chance and coincidence. As Carrie rocks and dreams of pursuing beauty, Hurstwood leaves this world of friendless cold for the anonymity of PotterÃ¢â¬ â¢s Field, Drouet flits off in pursuit of another pretty face, and HurstwoodÃ¢â¬â¢s wife and daughter approach New York on their way to sunny Italy.All of this being the case, Dreiser asks if we are not foolish to apply a rigid and old-fashioned code of ethics to condemn piteous creatures who cannot control their destinies or even understand their psychological constitutions. There is no human villain in DreiserÃ¢â¬â¢s drama. Dreiser does not pit man against man but men and women against naturalistic forces. Since it is the men and women who inevitably lose, Dreiser pities them all. In Ã¢â¬Å"Sister CarrieÃ¢â¬ , Dreiser does not condemn anyone, good or bad. He does not label his characters. They simply are. And being what they are and life being what it is, Dreiser has abundant reason to be sympathetic toward all.Although Dreiser has been greatly criticized for his literary clumsiness, his so-called errors greatly contribute to his aesthetic writing style. Quite traditionally , author effectively uses imagery and symbolism, which particularly evident in the manner he titled bookÃ¢â¬â¢s chapters. His early experience, in newspaper writing becomes efficient in constructing parallels in the CarrierÃ¢â¬â¢s story. Early in the novel, Carrie is seen rocking in her sister MinnieÃ¢â¬â¢s chair in the HansonsÃ¢â¬â¢ unprepossessing Chicago apartment. This symbolic action of rocking is most apt: Carrie is at once discontent, physically uneasy, reasonably energetic, and passively willing to wait for better fortune to come and find her. Discussing DreiserÃ¢â¬â¢s overall attitude to Carrie, Thomas Riggio explains that Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦when he describes her actions, he avoids social and cultural analysis and turn for his needs to metaphors derived from popular culture and scienceÃ¢â¬ (59). At the end of the novel, Carrie is still rocking. Her chambers are now different, and Ã¢â¬Å"betterÃ¢â¬ by material standards she is now in a lush New York hotel but th e action is the same and is symbolic of everlasting discontent. Dreiser explains the situation in several lines : Ã¢â¬Å"Carrie soon found that a little money brought her nothing. The world of wealth and distinction was quite as far awa,y as ever. She could feel that there was no warm, sympathetic friendship back of the easy merriment with which many approached herÃ¢â¬ (368).Review and Critical AnalysisCarrie arrives in Chicago to get a job, earn money, and buy nice things. When she fails in this endeavor, she succumbs to the first presentable man who happens by. This man, Drouet, is attracted sexually to Carrie, whom he judges to be a charming, soft, warm creature. Nice hot food, comfortable rooms, creakingly new suits and dresses, and Ã¢â¬Å"two soft, green, handsome ten-dollar billsÃ¢â¬ are all symbols of material success in CarrieÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes, until she has more than she needs in each category. As Ben Michaels explains in his essay, Ã¢â¬Å"The model is an economy of scar city, in which power, happiness, and moral virtue are all seen to depend finally on minimizing desireÃ¢â¬ (374). When she fails through honest effort to earn enough money to satisfy her material ambitions, she uses her body as a means of doing so. As Michael precisely points out, Ã¢â¬Å"CarrieÃ¢â¬â¢s definition of money, like everything else about her, includes the element of desire; money for her is never simply a meansof getting what you want, it is itself the thing you want, indeed, it is itself your wantÃ¢â¬ (375).And Drouet is sufficiently well off to be able to expend spare money to make her comfortable and therefore to win her sexually. On the contrary, Hurstwood claims that when the choice is between money and sexual gratification, irrational people often choose the latter, until they are really impoverished. He abandons his family, his substantial home, his well-paying position, and his good name in order to have Carrie. She agrees to leave Drouet for Hurstwood beca use he seems physically more attractive but really for the more important reason that, at least initially, he seems to offer more material security in short, because he apparently commands more money.In his critique, Leon Seltzer suggests that Ã¢â¬Å"despite DreiserÃ¢â¬â¢s sometimes deterministic explanations of CarrieÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior, his heroine emerges more as a creature of romance than as a fictional by-product of naturalistic dogmaÃ¢â¬ (193). Simultaneously, Sybil Weir argues that Dreiser was Ã¢â¬Å"one of the first American novelistsÃ¢â¬ ¦to accept the fact that woman have erotic desires and to assert that their sexual careers do not automatically invalidate their moral natureÃ¢â¬ (65). Ã However, from the critical viewpoint, Carrie represents the curiously passive object for whom Drouet and Hurstwood compete. Hurstwood is stronger physically, financially, and in terms of sexual attraction; so he wins. It is odd that Dreiser chooses to portray Carrie as attractiv e sexually and yet more anxious for material security than for love. Audience may infer that Drouet was satisfactory enough as a lover, as Dreiser portrays that Hurstwood, aged about forty, has sufficient ardor. Dreiser actually glosses over sexual matters almost without exception. His timidity is owing to the fact that the times in which he wrote were squeamish about the subject. It must have seemed expedient to portray Carrie as anxious for money but rarely aroused sexually. As Seltzer explains, Ã¢â¬Å"it is DreiserÃ¢â¬â¢s notion of CarrieÃ¢â¬â¢s essential innocence (an innocence that fluctuates between psychological and moral connotations) that underlies his frequently uncritical affection for her; yet he relates her innocence to her rural backgroundÃ¢â¬ (193).Carrie drifts into DrouetÃ¢â¬â¢s arms and as casually leaves them for HurstwoodÃ¢â¬â¢s. Dreiser shows us only the scantest of consciences in operation here, and indeed anywhere in the novel. When she stands to ga in by leaving Hurstwood at the time of his unemployment in New York, Carrie does so with only a moment of vague sadness. Dreiser does not presume to criticize her for being hard-hearted; instead, he presents her as a typical young woman, necessarily out to protect herself in a world where change in human relationships is as inevitable as the changing seasons. Hurstwood once loved his wife. Their two children were once dependent and admirable. With the passing of time, however, all of this changed. His wife turned shrewish, and his children grew up and became selfcentered. Hurstwood himself changes. When we first meet him, he exudes confidence and charm, he is fluent and dynamic and heavily handsome; at the end, he is a piece of human rift-raft, or so an outsider would conclude. Dreiser loved him to the end, however, and wrote of his suicide with regret. Hurstwood is a walking proof that people change.Simultaneously, Drouet is strangely unchanging, as he remains the same when the las t time he sees Carrie. In spite of his material advancement, he is almost a pathetic figure, because he cannot seem to adjust to the inevitable change in those nearest to him. His changelessness is a kind of punishment. He is certainly pathetic when late in the novel he timidly tries to re-establish himself in CarrieÃ¢â¬â¢s regard, only to have his offer spurned without so much as a glance.Dreiser often suggests that life is an utterly incomprehensible mess. In Ã¢â¬Å"Sister CarrieÃ¢â¬ , too, DreiserÃ¢â¬â¢s sense of meaninglessness is particularly evident. The canyons of Chicago are a terrible combination of riches and squalor, and Carrie at the outset views both parts with equal dismay. She has no idea of the complications involved when she agrees to let Drouet provide a place for her to live. She fancies that so long as she regards his generosity as a loan, she is uninvolved. Once she submits to him, she remains uncertain and vague, and is soon irrationally drawn to Hurstwoo d. Later, when that older man lets his passion cloud his reason, he rushes irrationally into behavior which he must know is going to prove ruinous ultimately. He simply cannot think straight, and he gives up accumulated wealth, wife and children, home, job, everything, simply because of passion. Drouet too is somewhat unthinking. He naÃ ¯vely believes that he owns Carrie because he has paid out money for her temporary affection. When his friend Hurstwood takes his girl away, he feels abused. Much later, when he has located Carrie again, in New York, he fancies that he can resume their relationship precisely where it broke off several years before.Throughout her career, Carrie leaves the thinking to others and is content to drift toward warmth and ease. She lets Drouet provide for her, not thinking much about the consequences. She follows her heart, rather than her head, when she falls somewhat in love with Hurstwood; and even when she learns that he is married, she agrees to leave Chicago with him provided he will marry her. From the critical point of view, Carrie does not think very deeply. When she meets Bob Ames and participates in an intellectual discussion with him, her contribution is minor and her conclusions, drawn from his rather impressive words, are fuzzy. In the main, Ames simply arouses vague, illdefined longings in her, not any determination to sit down, face the facts, and reason from them to a few specific conclusions about her own life. In short, she drifts, rocks, and longs vaguely for something she does not have.Audience may arrive at the following Ã¢â¬Å"moralÃ¢â¬ from viewing the confusion of Carrie, Hurstwood, and Drouet: permanent happiness is a chimera in this unstable world. Carrie drifts to Chicago hoping to get work, do a little window-shopping, and then buy some nice things. But events conspire to frustrate this happy ambition. She settles in with Drouet in the hope that such a course will prove pleasant, but within a few months she is dissatisfied. She fancies that success at the Elks play will bring her joy, and she works hard to do well in it. But events soon conspire to take her away from both Drouet and the stage. Travel to Canada with Hurstwood brings some excitement, but she quickly expresses her dislike of Montreal. Once the two get to New York, she tolerates their tawdry life there but is never overjoyed. She is adaptable, however, and might have stayed indefinitely with her Ã¢â¬Å"husbandÃ¢â¬ if he had not lost his job and then his savings in Manhattan. Her neighbor, Mrs. Vance, arouses feelings of discontent, even envy, because of her better home and possessions. So Carrie tries the stage again. Quickly revealing her long-suppressed talent for acting, she becomes discontent as a mere chorus girl and begins to make her way up the ladder. But even after she gets some attractive speaking parts in musical comedies and comic dramas, she is still discontent this time because Ames analyzes her face and mien, and plants in her the ambition to become a more serious dramatic actress.Both men in the novel are also representatives of universal discontent. At the outset, Hurstwood has that which would satisfy most people, which most people would say in advance might well please them permanently. But he abandons the familiar and the reasonably pleasant to seek something new. Toward the end, as he is sliding to ruin, he fools himself by saying repeatedly that he is not down yet. He keeps looking and hoping, until at last he knows that life will never bring him any more comfort and content, and then he kills himself, asking, Ã¢â¬Å"WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s the use?Ã¢â¬ His friend Drouet flits from sales assignment to assignment, and from girl to girl. Content with each until each proves dissatisfied with him, Drouet imaged at one point as a butterfly is a subtle symbol of the perpetual motion of man toward happiness and of his perpetual frustration in that pursuit.On this grand picture of c omplex human relationships, Dreiser invites the audience to the plight of Carrie, Hurstwood, and Drouet to conclude with him that old-fashioned moral judgments of human behavior are invalid. Never once does Dreiser pause and lecture his wayward characters, for two very good reasons. In the first place he had already committed the same Ã¢â¬Å"sinsÃ¢â¬ he puts them through. And in the second place he blames life, and the way things are, for the predicaments in which his characters find themselves. Like Carrie, Dreiser was trapped in Chicago and lusted for good hot food, fine clothes, and a life of ease. Like Drouet and Hurstwood, he followed pretty women and clumsily embraced every one of them who would say yes. Like Hurstwood he stole, and like Hurstwood he contemplated the terrible act of self-destruction. Further, like Carrie his sisters took up housekeeping with their gentlemen friends without benefit of marriage. Dreiser could not condemn his characters without turning his bac k on his own nature. Here one can notice some pointing to historical setting, in which none of DreiserÃ¢â¬â¢s characters could be happy, because apparently Dreiser himself did not believe in the possibility.Dreiser came to New York at roughly the same time as Carrie, and saw the problem of the pointlessness of the searching endeavors during that period.Ã Careful audience can notice that CarrieÃ¢â¬â¢s New York has been much common to that city depicted in Ã¢â¬Å"The Toilers of the Tenements,Ã¢â¬ where Dreiser described the pitiful conditions of those who toiled in their slum rooms at piece work, at the mercy of greedy employers and grafting police. A random few achieved success. In discussing Ã¢â¬Å"Sister CarrieÃ¢â¬ , Dreiser stated, Ã¢â¬Å"I never can and never want to bring myself to the place where I can ignore the sensitive and seeking individual in his pitiful struggle with nature with his enormous urges and his pathetic equipment.Ã¢â¬ For Dreiser Ã¢â¬Å"Life is a tragedy . . . the infinite suffering and deprivation of great masses of men and women upon whom existence has been thrust unasked appals meÃ¢â¬ (Matthiessen, 11-12). From this perspective, Ã¢â¬Å"Sister CarrieÃ¢â¬ indeed represents DreiserÃ¢â¬â¢s first lengthy presentation of the stories of individuals who faced this life.;
Monday, March 16, 2020
Dancing on The Edge essays This story is about a young girl that is looking for what she calls a normal life. Her mother died when she was giving birth to her new, loving daughter Miracle. The reason she was called Miracle is that she wasnt expected to live, so her stepmother, (Aunt), Gigi called her that for a nickname. When she discovers that her real mother died when she was born, Miracle set out on a mission to find her real, true self. During this period of self-discovery she meets many new and exciting people. She meets a young psychiatrist named Dr. DeAngelis, who helps her find information on her mother and who she really is. The Dr. suggests dancing to ease the pain and frustration of all the pressures of her life. Miracle puts all of her effort and all of her pain into dancing to forget about her mother and dedicates her life to her through dancing. Over time Gigi gets very upset at Miracle for dancing so much and not paying attention to her other sisters, and not treating her and them with the respect they deserve. So Gigi her own aunt puts Miracle into a mental hospital where she can be watched and treated for, in the way her aunt sees fit. Over a long period of time her aunt, Gigi gives Miracle the respect she needs, and comes to terms with her dancing and her needs to find out about her mother. IMPORTANT FACTS AND HIGHLIGHTS OF THE NOVEL Ãâ¹ In her path of self-discovery she set herself on fire to prove she wasnt afraid to die to see whom her mother really was. Ãâ¹ Miracle is put in a mental hospital for lying to her aunt about how she danced to relieve the stress of her life. Ãâ¹ Dr. DeAngelis helps Miracle find her inner self, which her aunt thinks she has lost through dancing. THE THEME, MY FAVORITE CHARACTER AND MY OPI ...
Friday, February 28, 2020
Strategic Operations Management - Essay Example Hayes (p 10) says that operations role is bigger than that of just implementer of strategy. It is here that new ideas emerge, new knowledge, capabilities and learnings are getting acquired. New strategies are often arising even as one is being implemented. Emergent sense of what the strategy should be will come from the experiences and feedback from its operating staff based on which mid course strategy corrections could be done. An operations strategy is never complete without an appropriate implementation plan. The viability of strategy depends crucially on the manner of its implementation; a sound implementation can salvage poor strategy and best of strategies can be wrecked by bad implementation (Bettley et al). For this the plan must be clearly articulated, along with a monitoring plan. It will clearly communicate to the operations team the rationale behind the plan, the role of different functions, linkage between functional goals and strategy, clarity on concepts like market qualifiers and market winners and also the tradeoffs assumed. It will clearly communicate the start, timelines outcomes and the action needed by each function. It will be clear about resource allocation and plans for filling in gaps (for example new training in customer handling, training for use of new IT technology, etc). For instance the strategy may call for greater outsourcing instead of manufacturing which may mean smaller b udgets and dash hopes of expansion for the manufacturing department. The rationale behind this will need to be clearly communicated. Finally it will have a clear implementation agenda on when to start, where to start, the pace of implementation, how it will be coordinated and by whom. For the operations strategy to be successful, it would need to be a collaborative effort. OS should not follow a top-down approach alone; it should be predominantly bottom-up. For one it would help in drawing upon the knowledge and experience of the operations team. It will also be a sure method of communicating to the operations team the business strategy the organisation is following. It will be the surest way to ensure appropriateness of the strategy because operations manager will be able to see the fit better than anyone else and come out with gaps and shortcomings of the resources to meet the strategy. This approach would also ensure the ease and speed of implementation as much of the details of the plan are already considerably internalised by the operations team. Sadler (2000) says that a suitable planning process involving busy managers who are highly focussed on operations and a facilitator would greatly increase the chance of success of implementation of operations strategy. Friend (p 247) says that strategy so developed has to be communicated to the operations team in a way that they will take ownership of the implementation. Developing and communicating the plan will avoid "organisational myopia", i.e., inability to see between their own functional departments. It will also avoid unwanted grouse some functional personal may develop because they feel that their department has been neglected. Friend also says that a process developed in a collaborative manner